Living history in the early medieval period

Besides showing the daily life in the Viking period, the Niflheim Vikings also give demonstrations at events, activities or weddings. There are different demonstrations with Viking fighters and archers. The demonstrations will show a viarity of weapons in the Viking period. More about the weapons used will be shown further on this webpage.

Bolow are a few examples of demonstrations by the Niflheim Vikings.

Fighting demonstrations

The Niflheim Vikings shows different fighting demonstrations, depending on the number of participants. It is possible to show one to one fights, weapon demonstrations and line battles. Together with other Viking groups we can reconstruct bigger fights or battlefields. The safety precautions of many large re-enactment events in West and Eastern Europe are followed.


Besides the different fighting demonstrations we also have archers available. They can give a archery demonstration. If the fighters have enough protection, the archers can also be a part of the fighting demonstrations. They will keep their enemies at a range with a rain of arrows.

Viking games

When the time presents itself Viking games will be played. The games are based on games in the Viking period. Each game is not only ment to entertain, but also improve the body and insight in fighting. There are different games to be played, like Hnefatafl (boardgame), Jomswikinger (blindfold with chest), Glima (wrestling) and Toga Hönk (tug of war).

Most applied weapons


A seax (also sax or sæx) is an old English word for knife. In modern archaeology, the term seax is used specifically for a type of sword or dagger typical of the Germanic people in the Early Middle Ages. The point and edge are rounded of for safety precautions.



The axe was often the choice of a poorer man in the Viking age. Most farms had to have a wood axe for cutting and splitting wood. When needed, someone could pick up the farm axe and use it in a fight. Other axes were also made specifically for combat.

A bearded axe has mainly a purpose to hook shields and other weapons, and pull them away when possible.



A sword is typical for a warrior from the Viking period. Swords were very hard to make and therefor very expensive. The common Viking wasn't able to affort a sword so did not have one. Swords are appropriate for any regeion, though longsaxes mostly belong in the Western regions (Norse) and sabels mostly in the Eastern regions (Rusvik).



The spear is the most used weapon in the Viking period. There are many variants that differ throughout the period.

A two handed spear may not be longer than 2,5 meters for safety precautions. For a one handed spear this may not be longer than 1,8 meters. The point has a thicker part.



A Daneaxe is a single bladed axe with a length up to 2 meters. They can push hard against a shieldwall with a distance, but they can also attack from above behind the shield wall. Depending on the fighting style the attacks from above are allowed or not allowed.



In the Viking period they used large round shields. These shield could be hold in the middle where a shield boss protects the hand. A typical Viking shield is 80 to 90 cm in diameter. Though larger shields are found, like the Gokstad shields with a diameter of 94 cm. Also smaller shields are found with a diameter of about 70 cm.



Bows were mainly used for hunting animals, though they could be used during a fight. With bows they could attack an enemy at distance. In large fights or battles the archers could open fire before the enemy was near you for close combat.